Mental illness signifies the health condition wherein the person is affected in his/her thought process, to the extent, that abnormalities creep in the normal functioning of the affected person. The Researcher has provided an analysis of the legislative intervention after the enactment of the Mental healthcare Act, 2017, and its role in upholding the human rights of persons with mental illness. The Author has performed doctrinal research on the topic. The Author has primarily analyzed the statutory provisions and International Conventions on the subject, in order to achieve the objectives of the research. The author has compared the position of a person, with mental illness before and after the enactment of the Mental Health Care Act. The Author intends to bring out how India by bringing in the legislation is complying with the International Standards.