Terrorism is a threat that destroys the entire human structure and causes mental and physical harm to its victims. The ramification of the act of terrorism drastically disturbs the very fibre of the society. Various terrorist organizations have emerged in the 20th century and have been causing havoc ever since. One such organization that believes in radicalization and separatism is the Islamic State (IS) or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Individuals are brainwashed and are made to be credulous on certain ideologies. ISIS in an essence is a religious organization that believes itself to be the highest authority of the Muslim community. Human rights is not a novel concept as it can be dated back to 1215 during the reign of King John. The events that unfolded in the 13th century has provided us with the Magna Carta, a document that laid out the first steps to formulating a comprehensive modern human right. In this research paper, the researcher seeks to identify various definitions for human rights and terrorism. More importantly, the researcher will undertakes an effort to understand the events that led to the formation of ISIS and how it evolved to be one the highly financed, weaponized, and consequently became one of the deadliest terrorist organizations that almost took complete control of two nations and how the organization was eradicated to an extent. The researcher will observe the various human rights violations executed by this notorious organizations and the challenges to prosecute the perpetrators in the international arena. After meticulous research, the researcher will attempt to provide suggestions to subjugate the challenges in prosecuting these terrorists.