For the past few years there is a mounting concern over the problem of atmospheric pollution in our country. The menace of air pollution is not limited only to the major or metropolitan cities anymore. Over the past decade, it has spread across various small cities and towns as well. In such a situation, it cannot be denied a key and important role of controlling Air Pollution is played by the National Green Tribunal as they are one of the official authorities to control this menace. This paper, in its limited scope, aims to assess the initiative taken up by the National Green Tribunal in keeping a check on air pollution till now and also addresses the obstructions before it in doing so. The author begins by discussing and analyzing some of the important provisions statutorily laid down in National Green Tribunal Act. The article continues by studying the role of National Green Tribunal in keeping a check on air pollution with the help of case laws. Further, the authors have identified the issues which act as an obstruction for the National Green Tribunal in achieving its goal of clean and pollution free atmosphere and also suggested ways in which those issues can be resolved.