A prison, in general, is a place where defendants or criminal offenders are held for a fixed time or permanently with the written order of a competent legal authority. The law refers to persons who are imprisoned as a legal punishment issued by a court for a crime, who are physically restricted and detained, and who are usually deprived of their liberty. The result is that in every country, there have been examples of prisons in various forms from ancient times till now, and these prisons sometimes have been used for punishment and sometimes for rehabilitation of criminals to send back in society.
The health status of prisoners is also an important issue that needs the attention of countries and prison officials. Of course, prison officials should know that criminals are not born criminals, but it is society and circumstances that have led them to crime, as Mahatma Gandhi says, hate crime, not the criminal.
In the present age, Prisons officials should think about the future of prisoners, the prison buildings should have welfare facilities and protect the prisoner from cold and heat, and importance should be given to educating and rehabilitating instead of being punished.
The purpose of this research (Rights of Prisoners in India) is to analyze the classification of Prisoners, rights of prisoners, and Prisons history in India. Moreover, the rights which are enjoyed by Prisoners under Articles 14, 19, and 21 of the Indian Constitution are the main topics.