The development of AI and ML technologies has significantly altered how war is fought, which puts the existing legal system of international humanitarian law in jeopardy. The implications of AI and ML in combat are examined in this abstract, which emphasises the necessity for a thorough knowledge of their potential effects on IHL principles. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are being incorporated into weapon systems, targeting procedures, and decision-making, which has ramifications for distinction, proportionality, and precautions in assault. In the creation, implementation, and application of AI and ML technologies, the abstract emphasises the significance of ensuring accountability, human control, and compliance with IHL. Additionally, it emphasises the necessity of increased communication between nations, international organisations, and specialists to address the moral and legal issues raised. The goal is to increase awareness of the critical concerns involving AI, ML, and IHL and to promote additional study and conversations to make sure that these developments in combat adhere to the IHL's guiding principles of humanity, distinction, and proportionality.