Trafficking of a human beings is not a new concept in the modern world. This practice is as old as the existence of human civilization. Generally, human trafficking refers to the process through which individuals are placed in an exploitative or inhuman situation for the economic growth or physical and mental pleasure of others. However, trafficking can occur within a country or outside the country by crossing the border. Women, men and children are trafficked for a span of purposes like sexual exploitation, forced labour, private households, sex slavery, sex tourism, organ transplant or forced labour. Since the period of the Roman civilization, the practice of trafficking the human persons in the form of a slaves was recorded. With the rise of new imperialism, slavery had become an integral part of the colonial system of the European countries. However, by the end of the Second World War, the UN Charter was adopted for the protection of the human rights of individual beings. Subsequently, in 1949 UN Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others was adopted by the United Nations. The Preamble of the Convention recalled that prostitution is incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person. In this paper, human rights violation arising out of trafficking and the state obligation to curb such flesh trade is the main area where the attention is drawn.
International Law recognizes prostitution as a violation of human rights and prohibits its exploitation. The only way that the State has to respect their obligation is to eliminate the exploitation of prostitution as well as human trafficking. Human trafficking involves not just sex trafficking, organ transport or other means of trafficking but also labour trafficking, which may sometime cause trauma to the survivor.