Scourge are enormous scope flare-ups of irresistible malady that can extraordinarily expand dreariness and mortality over a wide geographic region and cause noteworthy monetary, social, and political interruption. Proof proposes that the probability of endemic has expanded over the previous century in view of expanded worldwide travel and combination, urbanization, changes in land use, and more prominent misuse of the indigenous habitat. These patterns likely will proceed and will strengthen. Over the past centuries the increase in the global travel, international integration, urbanization, different uses of land and more exploitation of our natural environment. In earlier government take some preventive measures i.e., Arrangement of medical inspections Awareness of hygiene and sanitization, isolation of people, restrict all the transport system of that time.
In the Epidemic act there are only 4 sections which are not enough to deal with epidemic. And it is also the shortest act till now in India in this act there are some important and special power for controlling the spread of communicable diseases. This act has some limitations in the recent time and merely not right based. As this act is having the limitations so there it needs to be more integrated more justified, more relevant for controlling the pandemic situations in India. The act should be more actionable and precise. It has drawbacks as it is old and small. The act has its major limitations as the act is 118 years old. The act has used in various disease in India such as cholera dengue and in recent covid 19, in 2020.