The internet and digital communication tools, such as mobile phone messaging services, have proven to be tremendously beneficial to human society. However, technology, particularly digital technology, has unintended consequences. Children are the most susceptible population that may be subjected to the harmful consequences of internet and digital technology advancements. The world’s most important resource and best hope for the future are children. A child accounts for one out of every three internet users worldwide. In the global South, this share is likely to be substantially greater. The internet is not seen by young people as a distinct entity or environment. It’s just another place where they may connect with friends, pursue interests, or meet new people. In recent years, online child safety has gotten a lot of attention around the world. International groups that have been focused on child abuse and exploitation as a violation of children’s rights have noticed that it overlaps with children’s internet use.
Children’s daily lives are increasingly replete with the use of digital devices and technologies. Aside from the numerous benefits connected with the online environment, such as education, entertainment, and communication, it has also been linked to a number of hazards, such as grooming and cyber bullying. As the most vulnerable members of society, it is critical to analyze the level of risk, mediation, and digital literacy among youngsters. This paper examines the opportunities and risks in cyberspace for children. It also discusses the policies and regulatory framework in India to protect the digital child rights. Lastly, the paper concludes with few suggestions and recommendations to promote the child’s best interests in this digital era.