Climate and its Changing Effects on Future Generations – From Perspective of Humanitarian Law
University, Odisha, Cuttack,
Volume II – Issue I, 2020
Climate is an integral part of our day to day lives nowadays. This climate change has many outcomes on human lives especially health in varied ways. The paper here would deliberately focus into the health issues that the future generations would face including the unborn children. There has been many international law framed for the protection and preservation of the human rights, but the humans who are unborn also have rights which are being violated because of the rapid and diverse changes we are having in the climate gradually. These changes are mostly seen effecting the pregnant ladies in the rural areas where the socio-economic factors also play a greater role. The drastic climate changes not only bring down the resources for the future generations but it also causes many epidemics and health issues for the ones who are not even born. However, not a lot is known about the effects that might already be felt in the health of the new generations. A recent study on extreme climate events in Colombia revealed that the health of pregnant women and of their new-born babies are affected by these phenomena. A month long heat wave for example can increase the possibility of premature births with the consequences that this can have on the future development of babies. The climatic factors not only hamper the environmental well-being of the human kinds, but it also causes a mental imbalance which harm the most who are expecting and hence these have an adverse effect on the ones in their womb. Therefore this paper will further replicate this issue on a broader scale with detailed comprehensions.