War of Donbass: The Forgotten Humanitarian Crisis
School of Law, KIIT (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, India.
Volume II – Issue II, 2020
The tension between the Ukrainian army and the pro-Russian separatists of the Donetsk People’s Republic and Luhansk People’s Republic, which declared independence in 2014 with military support from Moscow, shows no sign of abating. Despite the Minsk ceasefire agreement, conflict continues to affect everyday life; the hiss of bullets flying overhead and the crack of far-off sniper fire are familiar sounds. The regular Ukrainian army patrols the trenches and fights on the front line because pro-Russian snipers are positioned nearby. Along the 400 kilometers of the Donbass “contact line” the fighting continues, while thousands of civilians are trapped in the villages nearby. They still live in what remains of their homes. In this no-man’s-land, where internal fragmentation and international isolation have caused this wearying conflict to be forgotten, people continue to die. And civilians live every day as the last.
In this paper the author would like to elucidate the matter and throw a remedy of light in the on the ongoing crisis in the conflict zone.
In the first chapter the author will analyze the cause of the conflict, tracking back to history of Minsk ceasefire agreement. Then in the next chapter the author will focus on the Living condition and the hustle that the civilian has to face because of the conflict. In the third chapter the author will try to give a focus on the humanitarian crisis of the conflict zone along with the war crimes that has been committed. In the next chapter the author would like to kingpin the ongoing refugee problem in that conflict zone.
Finally the author would like to conclude in the final chapter on the humanitarian response of the conflict zone and different approaches of different international organization towards this.
Keyword: War, International isolation, Protection of civilians, War Crimes, Refugee.