Social Protection of Women Migrants amidst COVID-19: Can Social Protection Contribute to Social Inclusion
University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, India.
Volume II – Issue III, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has stagnated the global economy and has a massive impact on social, religious, and political structures worldwide. It is a significant public health difficulty and is causing severe economic and social impacts on countries and migrant workers and their families.
The epidemic has had a prodigious impact on the business and labor class of society. According to the International Labour Organisation estimate, approximately 2.2 billion workers are affected by global blockade measures, which amount to 68% of the worldwide labor force. It is well known that the worker’s class is the main contributor to tour country social and economic development. However, they face considerable challenges in obtaining social protection, including health care and income security in countries of origin, transit, and destination countries, which pose risks to the entire public health system.
Although the pandemic impacts all migrant workers, our paper’s focus point is women migrant workers, who are also exposed to harassment, violence, and discrimination in addition to the crisis of epidemic.
Therefore, a comprehensive approach will be adopted to include migrant workers in the national social protection response to comply with international human rights, international labor standards, and the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination will play an essential role in mitigating the impact of COVID-19.
This paper attempts to highlight the pandemic’s impact on women migrants workers and focuses on the pandemic’s consequences, including violence, social protection, and health, and focused on the question, How does Social Protection contribute to Social Inclusion?
The comparative study of the existing social policy designed under the changing political system and turbulent economic environment to protect this vulnerable group and reduce current and future displacement, discrimination, and poverty and whether Social protection and labor programs can be designed and implemented to address the results and drivers of social exclusion.
Keywords: Social Protection, Women’s Labour Rights, Vulnerable Sector, Comparative Social Policy